Thursday, August 27, 2020
Inoperability - Research Paper Example (2010). Every one of these applications applied exclusively will bolster interchanges through interfaces which interest for consistent upkeep and alteration because of their dynamism. This as one method of achieving operability has not demonstrated beneficial. Essentially, there is normalization of an interface can too be utilized in accomplishing operability since this technique wipes out the additional cost which would be brought about when building separate interfaces. The subsequent methodology is fuel by the way that application designers can build applications that are in accordance with the normalized interfaces, this expands the possibilities of interoperability henceforth lessening cost which additionally incorporates diminished support costs since there is a drop in the quantity of the interfaces to be agreed upkeep. The wellbeing level seven (HL7) is an application convention for trade of information in the social insurance condition. It is created to be utilized to move i nformation of social insurance data from division or capacity to the next putting together its applications with respect to the tremendous idea of utilization to application trade of message framework. The HL7 is the unit in type of a particle that goes information through frameworks. Or on the other hand occasion, the HL7 encourages the confirmation of persistence to a medical clinic or providing a lab request for blood test (Au, S, 2003). Each world true occasion is characterized by HL7 through a theoretical informing framework which is contained a gathering of sections in a characterized standard and the guidelines and guidelines for the development of such dynamic is made by the HL7 created message structure which includes components which are the structure squares and follows a chain of importance in setting. Separately, the components are related by the variables like choice capacity, esteem set, length and information structure that gives a requirement to them. Different segm ents, for example, sections and portion bunches are probably going to form extra components while sub-parts are simply crude in nature since they are in the situation of holding an information esteem without having a relative structure Electronic Healthcare Information Security. (2010). HL7 was not there before however in the beginning of its turn of events, it was essentially shaped to give room an excessive number of dynamic business methods that face the human services industry. Be that as it may, the more extensive structures came about into normalization which thus made such a large number of discretionary parts subsequently the arrangement of the execution of interfaces demonstrated useless. HL7 applications are typically participated in two different ways that is point to point or through the middleware which is plainly appeared by the interface motor results. Point-to-point applications involves the association of each pair of utilizations in an autonomous manner while the c enter way application is where all the applications are associated midway to the message specialist. The working framework interconnection isolates the elements of the conventions into five principle layers with each layer having just a component of the layer that is found underneath it. This is the convention stack and it is utilized for usage in the product or equipment with the lower layers in the equipment and the higher in the product Data Exchange Standards, Health Level Seven Version 2.5 an application convention for electronic information trade in human services situations. (2009). In an assortment
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The Breakfast Club was a film around five totally different characters, Claire, Andrew, Brian, Allison, and John Bender. Claire was a well known young lady, Andrew was a grappler (athlete), Brian was mentally skilled, Allison was a scatterbrain, and John Bender was a renegade. Outwardly they appear totally different individuals, in reality they were all socially inverse, however they additionally shared to such an extent. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã As the film begins, the five adolescents are being rebuffed with Saturday detainment; their task for the following eight hours was to right a paper entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Who Am I?Ã¢â¬ Their most likely supposition that was from them to expound on their accomplishments. Being understudies in America, we are completely raised to exceed expectations at whatever we do, regardless of whether it be at evaluations, wrestling, or being famous. Since Ã¢â¬Å"they made a decision about themselves by what they do and accomplish, their self-characters rely on their achievements,Ã¢â¬ (Kimball and Leidich page three). This prompts seriousness, begrudge, enviously, and insatiability. Drinking spree was envious of Claire societal position and of her driving Ã¢â¬Å"a better lifeÃ¢â¬ and to respond to that he hollered at her and over-overstated reality. He made a decision about her by material belongings (studs) and by social standings (prom sovereign), and he made a decision about hi mself against her and that prompted him needing what she has (hoops and virginity). First he took a stab at being progressively serious with her by calling her names and putting her down so he could appear to be higher and Ã¢â¬Å"coolerÃ¢â¬ than her. At that point he got desirous and envious of her, needing what she had. This two at that point lead to insatiability. Luckily for the them two, they got past the accomplishments and began to look all starry eyed at. They figured out how to pass judgment on one another by the nature of their connections and their lives. Outwardly, Andrew felt that Brian had an entirely decent life. He had both great, faithful companions and extraordinary evaluations, something he might be desirous of. Apparently Brian had extraordinary companions that didn't pass judgment on him for what he did, yet what his identity was. Brian needed to spend time with the cool individuals, yet he knew his social class. Perhaps, he utilized a flare firearm to execute himself since he felt that was the manner in which his club worked and that would make his passing additionally engaging the mainstream. Alison felt that she required somebody to converse with. This is the reason she appeared. She was disregarded by her folks and likely felt that anybody was sufficient to ... ...t he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have an independent mind. At the point when he did, he loved Brian and Alison, yet his inner circle necessity is presumably not to be engaged with them. BrianÃ¢â¬â¢s connections donÃ¢â¬â¢t have an expense of having a place; he and any new companions are likely invited constantly without a necessity. Drinking spree, however he doesn't let it out, has an expense of having a place too. His companions would dismiss Brian in dread of him Ã¢â¬Å"tellingÃ¢â¬ or something along that line. Claire revealed to him that even his inner circle had prerequisites. She said that he on the off chance that they were saw by his companions strolling down the lobby, he would state that heÃ¢â¬â¢s having intercourse with her. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã I felt that he film helped a great deal with the content. Without the film, the material would be exceptionally dry and difficult to comprehend. The film gave instances of everything so far in the content. It gave instances of the chain of importance of requirements (like Bender despite everything requiring security need before belongingness and love); the sorts of dread (dismissal with Claire and a veil; disappointment with Brian and overachieving; and torment and enduring with Andrew and his creation fun of and tormenting the blameless); last, enslavement with Bender and Alison with the manner in which they are consistently, at school and at home.
Friday, August 21, 2020
How to Write the USC Long Answer Supplement 2019-2020 USC is a research university in Los Angeles, California. Last year, 66,000 people applied. For TKG clients, USC is one of our most applied to schools. Itâs also the school that we receive the most emails about from blog readers. The acceptance rate for the class of 2023 was 11%. USCâs supplements are below:Respond to one of the prompts below: (250 words)USC believes that one learns best when interacting with people of different backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives. Tell us about a time you were exposed to a new idea or when your beliefs were challenged by another point of view. Please discuss the significance of the experience and its effect on you. With this prompt, USC is saying that theyâre ~down with diversity~ and they want you to tell them about a time when you interacted with someone different from you. This can mean that the person you met, spoke to, or engaged with had a different upbringing, background, perspective, set of beliefs, or experience than you have ha d. Itâs worth noting that when working with TKG clients, we do not choose this prompt because the two questions below leave much more room for creativity. If you choose to answer this prompt, you need to think small. Your goal is to tell a story that shows USC that you are open to engaging with people who have different perspectives, and that you are able to challenge and reflect upon your own values when faced with new information. Letâs say that you are a firm supporter of waiting period laws for gun ownership. Then one day, you meet someone who tells you a story. They say that their family member was being harassed and threatened by their partner, and that they had children in the house and feared for their safety. After the altercation, they wanted to purchase a gun for self-defense, but they were unable to do so because of the waiting period laws in their state. They returned home fearing for their life. Does hearing this story mean that you walked away a changed perso n? No. Of course not. This is not to say that after one conversation you were no longer a supporter of common sense gun laws. It means that you met someone with different views, and while you still donât necessarily agree with their viewpoint, you were able to find empathy for them. They became more human, and for a moment your beliefs were challenged in some way. You hit pause. You thought to yourself, âI still donât necessarily agree, but I understand.â A good answer to this question will show both humility and growth on your part. It will also suggest that you are not so stubborn in your beliefs that you are unable to examine them from another vantage point. If something like this comes to mind, write down everything you remember about it. Your answer should be told in the form of a story with a beginning, middle, and end. And then tell USC where you landed on your issue of choice, which will demonstrate growth and progress. But, again, our clients would almost never choose this prompt. USC faculty place an emphasis on interdisciplinary academic opportunities. Describe something outside of your intended academic focus about which you are interested in learning. FYI: This is the same question as last year, except USC added the first sentence. We love this question because there are two directions that you can go in. We are going to contradict ourselves from last year, but weâve evolved a bit in our thinking. This question does not specify that it has to be something you can study at USC. The only requirement of this question is that what you write about is a true and genuine passion. Whatever you choose, you need to go an inch wide and a mile deep. If itâs something you only cared about in passing, itâs a no go. Think about the things youâve cared about forever, the YouTube rabbit holes you go down when you canât sleep, and the hobbies and interests youâve worked to foster over the years. This leaves you with two options: Pick som ething that builds upon your major. Maybe youâre applying to USC because you want to major in Film and Television Production, but your end goal is to make a documentary about Architecture in your hometown. If you go this route, youâre picking something that will help with your intended career path. It should also be something that isnât directly, or necessarily logically, related to the major that you write about in the second required supplement. Maybe youâre majoring in English because you want to be a writer, but you want write scientific journals so your second interest is Biology. Remember that when this prompt asks you to âdescribeâ something outside of your intended academic interest, they are not asking you to describe the field itself. They know what Biology is. You need to explain why itâs of interest to you, and how studying your secondary field will further your goals. Pick something that reveals another side of you and/or speaks to a hobby you hold near an d dear. Think about your personality characteristics, interests, hobbies, and passions that you have not had the chance to write about yet. If this sounds more appealing to you, quadruple check that you arenât writing about something that appears elsewhere on your application. Maybe youâre secretly obsessed with Indian cooking or didnât have room in your activities to write about your stint as editor of the yearbook. Or maybe youâre majoring in Math but read history textbooks for fun. Again, youâre adding another layer of depth to your application that might even shock the reader when it crosses their desk. Focus on your interests that are important to you, but are unrelated to the things youâve already shown about yourself with the rest of your application. We are big fans of this question, but keep in mind that there is a mandatory âWhy USCâ question below. Make sure that your answers arenât repetitive if you choose this prompt. What is something about yourse lf that is essential to understanding you? This is the best option. But make no mistake, this is a second common app essay. A much shorter one, but a common app essay indeed. Letâs get a few things that you definitely shouldnât do out of the way. Donât:Write about an extracurricular activity Write about anything else that has been shown with the rest of your appWrite a trauma essay. If youâre experienced trauma, we are so sorry and hope youâre okay. But you should write about anything related to hardships in the additional information section of your application. Get on a soapbox. No one likes a teenager on a soapbox. When we write about issues we are passionate about, it often goes poorly and can get cringy. Also, the essay is no longer about you. So what should you do? Go back to basics. Revisit your list of personality characteristics that didnât make the cut for your common app essay. Revisit the topic that almost made the cut for your common app essay but was ca st away last minute. Text 5 friends and ask them to describe you. Ask your parents to throw some adjectives your way. Think about your morning routines. Think about what you do before bed at night, and why you still have that one keepsake from 10 years ago even though itâs broken. Read this blog post. Think about your family and your role within it. Ask your friends what they come to you for help with. Ask them if you have any quirks. You should think small here, and somewhere throughout the process above you should come up with an idea. When we write this essay with TKG clients, we go for lighter topics. It doesnât have to be funny, but it probably should be. Donât be afraid to show a little bit of vulnerability either, as that is how we ~connect with others~. The second (mandatory) prompt is below:Describe how you plan to pursue your academic interests and why you want to explore them at USC specifically. Please feel free to address your first- and second-choice major selections. (Approximately 250 words)In this prompt, your goal is to show USC why itâs the only suitable place for you to continue your education. Itâs a âWhy Do You Want To Go hereâ essay, and itâs strictly about academics. The first (and very important thing) to understand is that you need to choose a major. Read this blog post for the full breakdown, but you can not apply as undecided because 1) USC wants to create a balanced class of incoming freshman and 2) they are also looking to admit students who will graduate in four years. If everyone applies as undecided, they canât balance the class (they might end up with an entire class of budding architectures,) and itâs more likely for an undecided student to negatively affect their four-year graduation rate because they might take a few years to figure out what theyâre going to study. Weâve found that students tend to fall into one of three categories: They either have no idea what you want to major inThey have na rrowed it down to 2-4 majors but arenât sure which one to pick, or They already know what they want to major in If you have absolutely no idea what you want to study, make a list of your favorite classes, topics, books, and projects. Figure out a few potential areas of interests and look through USCâs majors. Thereâs really no need to look at every major (in fact, you shouldnât) because you should be able to cross some things off of your list right away. If when starting this exercise you have already identified areas of interest, compare the program pages and pick your favorite. Once youâve decided what major you want to write about, you need to do a deep dive into the course offerings. Saying that you want to go to USC to major in Earth Sciences isnât enough, because there are many other schools that have similar programs. You need to explain why you want to major in Earth Sciences at USC. Youâll do that by talking about specific classes that you want to take wit hin your program of choice. Pull up the course catalogue for your major and spend a lot of time there. Read everything, and we really do mean everything. Find 1-2 upper level (200-300) classes that you want to take, and write about why you want to take them. You canât choose entry level or introductory classes because those are offered everywhere. You need to have specific reasons as to why you want to take the classes you choose. It canât just be that you think they sound fun. Relate your experience (high school coursework, summer programs, online classes, books youâve read) to the subject matter of the class. If thereâs a minor that youâre interested in, follow the same research plan and explain why/how it pairs with your major and why youâre interested. Back on the homepage of your major program, read about the professors teaching the courses and any special programs available. This will require some digging, but write about a professor that you would like to work wit h. There should also be research opportunities, study abroad programs, guest lectures, etc. that catch your eye. Again, link anything you write about back to what youâve already done in high school. So if youâre interested in Earth Sciences and pitched your high school on how they can use renewable energy, find something similar thatâs being done at USC at the Wrigley Institute. Once youâve addressed your specific major, look into USCâs unique academic offerings. In other words, what do you want to study at USC that you canât study anywhere else? Maybe there are classes outside of your intended academic discipline that could help you with a niche career goal (but donât repeat information if you answered prompt #2) or a summer program you plan to apply for. The more specific, better. Weâve given you the information that should be included in your response, but your job is to weave these facts about USC into a story about yourself. Your answer shouldnât read as a book report on the school, it needs to be a story about yourself with a beginning, middle, and end. Think about how your academic interests came to be and show that there is a natural yet strong link between your background and USCâs offerings. If youâd like to work with someone one-on-one, contact us here.
Monday, May 25, 2020
By definition, a vacuum cleaner (also called a vacuum or hoover or a sweeper) is a device that uses an air pump to create a partial vacuum to suck up dust and dirt, usually from floors. That said, the first attempts to provide a mechanical solution to floor cleaning began in England in 1599. Before vacuum cleaners, rugs were cleaned by hanging them over a wall or line and hitting them repeatedly with a carpet beater to pound out as much dirt as possible. On June 8, 1869,Ã Chicago inventorÃ Ives McGaffey patented a sweeping machine. While this was the first patent for a device that cleaned rugs, it was not a motorized vacuum cleaner. McGaffey called his machine Ã¢â¬â a wood and canvas contraption Ã¢â¬âÃ the Whirlwind. Today itÃ is known as the first hand-pumped vacuum cleaner in the United States. John Thurman John Thurman invented a gasoline-powered vacuum cleaner in 1899 and some historians consider it the first motorized vacuum cleaner. Thurmans machine was patented on October 3, 1899 (patent #634,042). Soon after, he started a horse-drawn vacuum system with door to door service in St Louis. His vacuuming services were priced at $4 per visit in 1903. Hubert Cecil Booth British engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patented a motorized vacuum cleaner on August 30, 1901. Booths machine took the form of a large, horse-drawn, petrol-driven unit, which was parked outside the building to be cleaned with long hoses being fed through the windows. Booth first demonstrated his vacuuming device in a restaurant that same year and showed how well it can suck dirt. More Americans inventorsÃ would later introduce variations of the same cleaning-by-suction type contraptions. For example, Corinne Dufour invented a device that sucked dust into a wet sponge and David Kenney designed a huge machine that was installed in a cellar and connected to a network of pipes leading to each room of a house. Of course, these early versions of vacuum cleaners were bulky, noisy, smelly and commercially unsuccessful. James Spangler In 1907,Ã James Spangler, a janitor in a Canton, Ohio department store, deduced that the carpet sweeper he was using was the source of his chronic coughing. So Spangler tinkered with an old fan motor and attached it to a soap box stapled to a broom handle. Adding in a pillowcase as a dust collector, Spangler invented a new portable and electric vacuum cleaner. He then improved his basic model, the first to use both a cloth filter bag and cleaning attachments. He received a patent in 1908. Hoover Vacuum Cleaners Spangler soon formed the Electric Suction Sweeper Company. One of his first buyers was his cousin, whose husband William Hoover became the founder and president of the Hoover Company, a vacuum cleaner manufacturer. James Spangler eventually sold his patent rights toÃ William Hoover and continued to design for the company. Hoover went on to finance additional improvements to Spanglers vacuum cleaner. The finished Hoover design resembled a bagpipe attached to a cake box, but it worked. The company produced the first commercial bag-on-a-stick upright vacuum cleaner. And while initial sales were sluggish, they were given a kick by Hoovers innovative 10-day, free home trial. Eventually, there was a Hoover vacuum cleaner in nearly every home. By 1919, Hoover cleaners were widely manufactured complete with the beater bar to establish the time-honored slogan: It beats as it sweeps as it cleans. Filter Bags The Air-way Sanitizor Company, which began in Toledo, Ohio in 1920, introduced a new product called the filter fiber disposable bag,Ã the first disposable paper dust bag for vacuum cleaners. Air-Way also created the first 2-motor upright vacuum as well as the first power nozzle vacuum cleaner. Air-Way was the first to use a seal on the dirt bag and first to use a HEPA filter on a vacuum cleaner, according to the companys website.Ã Dyson Vacuum Cleaners InventorÃ James Dyson invented the G-force Vacuum cleaner in 1983. It was the first bagless dual cyclone machine. After failing to sell his invention to manufacturers, Dyson created his own company and began marketing theÃ Dyson Dual Cyclone, which quickly became theÃ fastest-selling vacuum cleaner ever made in the UK.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Discuss the nature of power explored in the texts, Eva Luna, and A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House In the two texts Eva Luna, and A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, by Isabel Allende and Henrik Ibsen respectively, there are various people who have power over others. However this power comes in a number of forms, different characters use it for different purposes, and the ways the characters achieve it also differs. These different natures of power allow some people to succeed where others fail, and it is those who succeed that, in the end, have the true power. In the novel Eva Luna, there are various people who are in positions of power. The one who is the most obvious to the reader is the General; a dictator. He has the power to control and manipulate others to do asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For Elvira, it is almost that she canÃ¢â¬â¢t cope without one of EvaÃ¢â¬â¢s stories to get her through the day. And when they were separated, and she would visit Eva, she would ask Eva for Ã¢â¬Ëa long story to last till the next visit.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Allende, 96) The imagination is a powerful thing, and Eva is able to communicate directly with peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s imaginations. It is this ability to cope in, and move beyond oppressive situations that made her life such a success, and her ambitions more achievable. Eva was able to put up with a lot in her time as a servant. She had the self-power to tolerate much harshness from her employers, but when she was unhappy, she did not contain this unhappiness inside her, and let it destroy her emotionally, as perhaps weaker characters might, she let her mind be known, and this is nowhere more obvious, then when she left her job working for the minister: Ã¢â¬ËWith absolute aplomb, as if it were something I did every day, I lifted the receptacle high and emptied it over the head of the Minister of State Ã¢â¬â with a single motion of the wrist liberating myself from humiliation. For an eternal second the Minister sat motionless, eyes bulging.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Allende, 101) In the play A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, both Nora and Torvald have power over each other. However, they are very different types of power. The power of Torvald over Nora is more obvious because it is economic, physical,
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
To SQL or Not to SQL Relational databases play a major role in making many apps and programs work. They provide an easy way to store large amounts of data in a consistent, non duplicating, and maintainable way to be used by developers for analytical or software use (Advantages of a relational database, n.d.). However, more and more applications and companies with a tremendous amount of data such as search engines, social networks, and e-commerce sites have been requiring a level of speed and scalability that relational databases can not provide (Why NoSQL?, n.d.). NoSQL is a name given to a quickly growing type of database known as non-relational databases, which are being used to store and manage huge amounts of structured, semi-structured, and non-structured data known as Big Data (Why NoSQL? n.d.). With the advent of social networks and apps with millions of users, the rate of growth of non-structured and semi-structured data is exponential, and the value in being able to quickly traverse it, analyze it, and use it for development is also growing quickly (McGuire, Manyika, Chui, 2012). Fundamentally, relational and non relational databases are very different. Relational databases generally follow the ACID transaction principles, while non-relational databases generally follow BASIC principles (Sasaki, 2015). ACID stands for atomic, consistent, isolated, durable; and prioritizes data consistency, stability, and accuracy over speed and scalability (Sasaki,Show MoreRelatedSql Vs. Oracle Server1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages SQL vs. Oracle Server Dheeraj Balamoori Wilmington University Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract Databases are most paramount part in today s organizations. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Reduced Self-Efficacy Smartphone Addiction. Answer: Introduction: Efficacy of an individual alone is not enough to complete a task accurately, confidence on selfs ability is also an important factor. The confidence in ones ability was defined as self-efficacy by Psychologist Albert Bandura (Mauer, Neergaard Linstad, 2017). This article discusses self-efficacy, factors influencing it and its importance in different sectors. The article also provides references to different scholarly articles to get an idea of the researches that had been done in the past on self-efficacy. The article had been concluded with some recommendations to improve self-efficacy and authors opinion over the introduction of the self-efficacy in the school curriculum. Self-efficacy is ones own perception of their capabilities over performing a specific task. It does not refer to ones capability of doing a task but rather concerns over their own perception about doing a particular task. Clear conception about self-efficacy can be derived from the idea that an individuals belief over performing an internet related task is internet self-efficacy. The higher the individual belief in ones ability to perform the internet related task, higher their internet self-efficacy level is and the level does not concern over if they can use the internet or not. Self-efficacy is important to bring accuracy to an individuals skill set. It also motivates the observer to attain a higher level of self-efficacy and hence leading to a more productive workplace. Self-efficacy differs from efficacy as the former depends upon the perception of ability to complete the assigned task while the latter concerns over the ability to do the task. Past performance, experience as a spectator, persuasion and some physiological cues are the factors to affect the self-efficacy level in an individual. If an individual has a good experience with a particular task in the past, then her/his self-efficacy level is high but the result will be just opposite in case of bad experiences. Experience as a spectator also influences the self-efficacy level. On noticing someone equivalent to self (or assuming to have same efficacy level) perform a task, one can also gain self-efficacy. When persuaded (verbally or non-verbally) one can also attain higher self-efficacy levels. Though this factor contributes only for a shorter period of time it is an effective factor. Physiological cues like sweating and dry mouth before initiating a task can lead to a decrement in self-eff icacy while a relaxed attitude can lead to exponential increase in the self-efficacy level. Literature Review: A number of different researches and studies have been conducted on self-efficacy and its role in different sectors. In this section, four papers on self-efficacy and Information Technology have been discussed to get a broader image of self-efficacy and its importance. The selected articles have their focus on the necessity of self-efficacy for employees, materialistic people and the students. The articles have been discussed to put forth their research methodology, motivation for the research and the outputs from the research. The models and the tools equipped in conducting the research are also mentioned to get a clear idea about the reliability and dependability of the articles. Relation between self-efficacy and e-learning acceptance: Hsia, Chang Tseng (2014) in their article have tried to deduce a relationship between computer self-efficacy, control locus and employee of a high tech firms capability in acceptance of e-learning. The authors were inspired by the global adaptation of e-learning by high-tech firms for employee training to pursue a research on the same. The authors designed a questionnaire and distributed it among the selected technological firms of Taiwan. The selected firms have adopted e-learning for employee training. The collected data was later analysed SEM (Structural Equalling Model) and CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis). The paper has used LISREL 8.54 to analysis the hypothesized relation. The results of the research showed a direct influence of self-efficacy over the e-learning acceptance. The paper also made some recommendations like for the proper implementation of e-learning depending on employees locus of belief and control. Increase in learning efficacy to stay in the competitive mark et was also recommended by the authors. To conclude the paper, the authors pointed out the importance of computer self-efficacy for e-learning. Students self-efficacy of ICT use: This article by Bazer, Pardillo Ruales (2012) discusses the perception of students toward ICTs (Information and Communication Technology) use. The authors were inspired to research on the topic due to the exponential growth of ICTs application and the inclination of the youth especially youth towards it. The papers subject were the final year students of Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEEd) (majoring in English) of Midano State University. The authors adapted descriptive correlational design model for data collection and analyses. Statistical tools like PPMCC (Percentage, Mean, Pearson, Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation) and Likert scale were adopted for analysis of the collected data. The results suggested that the more an individual is interested in ICT, the more individuals self-efficacy increases. The perception of the individual towards the ICT was also considered as a factor influencing self-efficacy level. Self-efficacy leading to smartphone addiction: The article taken in consideration aims at emphasizing whether smartphones are the reason for low self-efficacy or not and vice versa (Lee et al., 2016). The authors in the paper have limited their targeted audience to materialistic people (People who prefer material things over abstracts like love, spiritual, cultural or intellectual values) only. In the article, the authors have put forth the hypothesis, Self-efficacy mediates the positive relationship between materialism and smartphone addiction.. To prove the hypothesized point, the authors tested empirical data that were collected from the two largest smartphone markets of the world namely, the Peoples republic of China and the United States of America. CFA was employed to verify the fact that psychometric properties requirement was met by the subject themes of the paper. Other statistical tools were also adopted for the evaluation of the obtained data. The paper was concluded by proving the hypothesized statement to be true. Th e study also helps in validating the findings, Materialism is a strong predictor of technological addiction. By (Roberts Pirog, 2012). Self-efficacy in CIL: Rohtagi, Schere Hatlevik (2016) in their paper The role of ICT self-efficacy for students' ICT use and their achievement in a computer and information literacy test have tried to evaluate the role that self-efficacy plays for students in ICT use. The authors in the paper have submitted evidence in support for the positive relation between the self-efficacy and ICTs use in literacy of computer and information literacy (CIL). The authors have adopted Response Theory to prove their hypothesis by use of theoretical framework from the past and their own. The authors have concluded the paper on a confusing conclusion. They have supported their hypothesized statement but have also declared that they were unable to determine any positive relation between self-efficacy and ICT use. The papers conclusion has left scope for further research, to determine a relationship between students self-efficacy and use of ICT. In conclusion, to the discussions made above, it can be stated that self-efficacy is a quality that should be at a high level for everyone. It amplifies the productivity of a skilled person and helps in attaining high skill level for an untrained or less skilled individual. A change of perception towards self can be obtained by adopting different methods. The report also took into consideration of some of the scholarly articles that discuss self-efficacy and its implications in different sectors. Some of the articles in the paper have also put forth the importance of self-efficacy for the students. Those articles can be taken into evidence and can be emphasized to recommend that self-efficacy should be introduced in the school curriculum. The reason for the recommendation would be that introduction to self-efficacy at a young age will lead to the development of higher level of self-efficacy in an individual. Hence, self-efficacy should be a topic that must be explicitly taught in sch ools. Self-efficacy is a trait that everyone must possess before they decide to initiate any work. It acts as a catalyst that leads to accuracy in the work performance and personal satisfaction. There was an instance when I participated in a bicycle race and I was also skilled at it. I participated in the race and I was leading throughout the race but as the race progressed I started to lack behind. The elevation of the road had a toll on my self-confidence as I was not sure that I can ride my bicycle to the finish line. My perception of my incapability lead me to lose the race which I completed. The next time I participated in the same race I came second because of my change in perception towards my skills. Scholars have recommended setting up of goals to achieve high self-efficacy and that would be the first step I would take to increase my self-efficacy. I will assign myself simple targets so that with each achievement my self-efficacy will keep increasing. To boost my self-efficacy for an immediate task, I will talk with the person who can motivate me and build up my confidence before the initiation of task. I will also try to keep my anxiety level in check, so that my self-efficacy level remains unchanged during the time of pressure. I think persuading the following methods will keep my self-efficacy in check and with time it will grow as well. References: Bazer, S. C., Pardillo, G. F., Ruales, S. T. P. (2012). Status of Students Perceptions and Self-efficacy on the Use of ICT. InInternational Conference on Education and Management Innovation(pp. 145-149). Hsia, J. W., Chang, C. C., Tseng, A. H. (2014). Effects of individuals' locus of control and computer self-efficacy on their e-learning acceptance in high-tech companies.Behaviour Information Technology,33(1), 51-64. Lee, Y. K., Chang, C. T., Cheng, Z. H., Lin, Y. (2016). How Social Anxiety and Reduced Self-Efficacy Induce Smartphone Addiction in Materialistic People.Social Science Computer Review, 0894439316685540. Mauer, R., Neergaard, H., Linstad, A. K. (2017). Self-efficacy: Conditioning the entrepreneurial mindset. InRevisiting the Entrepreneurial Mind(pp. 293-317). Springer, Cham. Roberts, J. A., Pirog III, S. F. (2012). A preliminary investigation of materialism and impulsiveness as predictors of technological addictions among young adults.Journal of Behavioral Addictions,2(1), 56-62. Rohatgi, A., Scherer, R., Hatlevik, O. E. (2016). The role of ICT self-efficacy for students' ICT use and their achievement in a computer and information literacy test.Computers Education,102, 103-116.